Tuesday, January 21, 2020
The Effects of Industrialization on Society Essay -- Industrial Histor
The Effects of Industrialization on Society The Industrial Revolution changed society from an agriculture based community into a thriving urban city through many interrelated changes. One of the most important changes was the quantity and rate of products produced to meet the rising demand. Large industrial factories increased efficiency and productivity, which caused a shift in economy. Karl MarxÃ¢â¬â¢s believed that the new changes overturned established economies as well as society. He voiced his view through the Communist Manifesto to show people the negative effect industrialization was having on society. Prior to the Industrial Revolution, society and economics were largely determined by land and agriculture. Growth was slow and people relied on traditional means to survive. The majority of societies were farmers who raised crops and animals for a living. However, in the eighteenth century, the population exploded and grew at a significant rate. The four primary factors behind this growth are: a decline in death rate, an increase in the birth rate, the virtual elimination of plagues, and an increase in the availability of food [[i]]. This burst of population created an excessive amount of workers, who were not needed in the agriculture society. The need for workers in agriculture decreased due to the advances in technology and tools. A large number of people as well as perspective farmers had to find jobs elsewhere. This is one of the important factors in the shift of the population from rural areas to the more urban cities. The introduction of machinery initiated the Industrial Revolution making factories an important way of life. The machinery in factories used the pow... ...is, and Francisco LouÃ §Ã , As Time Goes By (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001), 164-168. [v]. Freeman and LouÃ §Ã , 194. [vi]. Montagna, [vii]. The Acts 29 Times. [viii]. Fielden, John, The Curse of the Factory System (New York: Frank Cass and Company Limited, 1969), xiii. [ix]. Wing, Charles, Evils of the Factory System (New York: Frank Cass and Company Limited, 1967), clxxxv. [x]. Fielden, 34-35. [xi]. Chris Rohmann, A World of Ideas (New York: Random House Publishing, 1999), 249. [xii]. Rohmann, 249. [xiii].Marx, Karl. Ã¢â¬Å"Communist Manifesto.Ã¢â¬ History and Religious Studies. 1st ed. Page 19. [xiv]. Marx, 16.